The Push-Up is a fundamental bodyweight exercise that targets multiple muscle groups, including the chest, shoulders, triceps, and core. It is a versatile exercise that can be performed virtually anywhere with no equipment required, making it a convenient option for individuals of all fitness levels. In this comprehensive guide, discover the correct technique, benefits, alternatives, and other details related to the Push-Up.



  1. Position: Start in a plank position with your hands placed slightly wider than shoulder-width apart and your feet together.
  2. Alignment: Ensure your body forms a straight line from your head to your heels, with your core engaged and your spine neutral.


  1. Lowering Phase: Lower your body towards the ground by bending your elbows, keeping them close to your sides and maintaining a controlled movement.
  2. Pushing Phase: Push your body back up to the starting position by extending your arms fully, exhaling during the effort.
  3. Repeat: Perform the desired number of repetitions, focusing on maintaining proper form and control throughout the movement.


  • Keep your core engaged and your body in a straight line throughout the exercise.
  • Lower your chest towards the ground until your elbows form a 90-degree angle or slightly lower.
  • Focus on controlling the movement and maintaining tension in your chest, shoulders, and triceps.

Benefits of Push-Up

  1. Upper Body Strength: The Push-Up targets the chest, shoulders, and triceps, helping to build strength and muscle endurance in the upper body.
  2. Core Stability: Performing it engages the core muscles, including the abdominals and obliques, to stabilize the body throughout the movement.
  3. No Equipment Required: It can be performed anywhere with no equipment required, making it a convenient option for home workouts or on-the-go training.
  4. Variety of Variations: Numerous variations of it can target different muscle groups or add intensity, allowing for progression and customization based on individual fitness levels.
  5. Functional Movement: It mimics natural pushing movements, making them a functional exercise that translates to real-life activities and sports performance.


To add variety to your upper body workout routine, consider these alternative exercises:

  1. Incline Push-Up: Elevate your hands on an elevated surface, such as a bench or step, to reduce the intensity and shift more of the workload to the lower body.
  2. Decline Push-Up: Elevate your feet on a bench or platform to increase the intensity and place more emphasis on the upper chest and shoulders.
  3. Diamond Push-Up: Place your hands close together in a diamond shape to target the triceps more intensely.
  4. Pike Push-Up: Start in a downward dog position with your hips raised and perform push-ups to target the shoulders and upper back.
  5. Handstand Push-Up: Perform push-ups in a handstand position against a wall to target the shoulders and build upper body strength and stability.


Incorporating Push-Ups into your workout routine offers a versatile and effective option for building upper body strength, muscle endurance, and core stability. Focus on proper form, gradually progress to more challenging variations, and tailor your routine to suit your fitness goals and preferences.

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