The Snatch Grip Behind the Neck Press is an advanced overhead pressing exercise that targets the shoulders, upper back, and triceps. In this comprehensive guide, we’ll explore the correct technique, benefits, variations, and other essential details associated with the Snatch Grip Behind the Neck Press.



  1. Grip Position: Stand with your feet shoulder-width apart and grasp the barbell with a wide grip, slightly wider than shoulder-width. Your palms should be facing forward, and your thumbs should be wrapped around the bar.
  2. Bar Position: Position the barbell behind your neck, resting on your traps. Ensure that the barbell is stable and centered before starting the exercise.


  1. Pressing Motion: Exhale as you press the barbell upward until your arms are fully extended overhead. Keep your core engaged and avoid arching your back excessively.
  2. Bar Path: The barbell should travel in a straight line directly above your head throughout the movement. Avoid allowing the barbell to drift too far forward or backward.
  3. Peak Contraction: Pause briefly at the top of the movement, ensuring that your arms are fully extended without locking out your elbows. Feel the contraction in your shoulder muscles.
  4. Lowering Phase: Inhale as you lower the barbell back to the starting position under control. Keep your elbows slightly bent throughout the movement to maintain tension on the shoulder muscles.
  5. Repeat: Perform the desired number of repetitions with proper form and control.


  • Start with a lighter weight to master the technique before gradually increasing the load.
  • Keep your core muscles tight throughout the exercise to maintain stability and prevent overarching of the lower back.
  • If you experience any discomfort in the shoulders or neck, reduce the range of motion or switch to a different exercise variation.


  1. Shoulder Development: The Snatch Grip Behind the Neck Press targets the deltoid muscles, particularly the anterior (front) and medial (side) heads, leading to improved shoulder strength and hypertrophy.
  2. Upper Back Engagement: This exercise also engages the muscles of the upper back, including the traps, rhomboids, and rear deltoids, to stabilize the shoulder girdle and maintain proper posture.
  3. Triceps Activation: The triceps muscles are involved as secondary movers during the pressing motion, contributing to overall upper body strength and development.
  4. Enhanced Mobility: Performing the exercise with a wide grip can help improve shoulder mobility and flexibility, which is beneficial for overhead movements in weightlifting and functional activities.

Muscles worked in Snatch Grip Behind the Neck Press

The Snatch Grip Behind the Neck Press primarily targets the deltoid muscles of the shoulders, specifically the anterior (front) and medial (side) heads. Additionally, it engages several other muscles to provide stability and support throughout the movement. Here are the main muscles worked during the Snatch Grip Behind the Neck Press:

  1. Deltoids (Anterior and Medial Heads): The deltoid muscles are responsible for lifting the arms overhead. The anterior head of the deltoids is particularly engaged during the pressing motion, while the medial head helps stabilize the arms throughout the movement.
  2. Trapezius (Upper Fibers): The upper fibers of the trapezius muscles help stabilize the shoulders and provide support during the pressing motion. They work to keep the shoulders in a proper position and prevent excessive elevation or shrugging.
  3. Triceps Brachii: The triceps muscles, located on the back of the upper arms, assist in extending the elbows to push the barbell overhead. They work synergistically with the deltoids to complete the pressing motion.
  4. Rhomboids: The rhomboid muscles, located between the shoulder blades, help retract and stabilize the scapulae (shoulder blades) during the pressing motion. They assist in maintaining proper shoulder mechanics and posture throughout the exercise.
  5. Levator Scapulae: The levator scapulae muscles, located at the back and side of the neck, help elevate and stabilize the scapulae during the upward phase of the movement. They contribute to the overall stability of the shoulder girdle.
  6. Serratus Anterior: The serratus anterior muscles, located on the sides of the chest, help stabilize the scapulae and assist in the upward movement of the arms. They play a role in maintaining proper shoulder mechanics and shoulder blade movement during the exercise.
  7. Core Muscles: The muscles of the core, including the rectus abdominis, obliques, and transverse abdominis, engage to stabilize the torso and maintain proper posture throughout the exercise. A strong core helps prevent excessive arching of the lower back and promotes overall stability during the Snatch Grip Behind the Neck Press.

Overall, the Snatch Grip Behind the Neck Press is an effective compound exercise that targets the deltoid muscles while also engaging several other muscles of the upper body and core to provide stability and support during the movement.

Alternate names for Snatch Grip Behind the Neck Press:

  1. Snatch Grip BTN Press
  2. Behind the Neck Snatch Grip Press
  3. Snatch Grip Overhead Press (Behind the Neck)
  4. Snatch Grip BTN Shoulder Press


  1. Snatch Grip Behind the Neck Push Press: Incorporate leg drive and momentum by performing a push press, which involves a slight dip of the legs before pressing the barbell overhead. This variation allows you to lift heavier weights and increase power output.
  2. Snatch Grip Behind the Neck Push Jerk: Similar to the push press, the push jerk involves using leg drive and a rapid dip and drive to propel the barbell overhead. This dynamic movement enhances explosive strength and coordination.
  3. Snatch Grip Behind the Neck Press from Pins: Perform the exercise using a power rack or squat rack with safety pins set at the desired height. This variation allows you to focus on a specific range of motion and overload the muscles with heavier weights.


The Snatch Grip Behind the Neck Press is a challenging yet effective exercise for developing shoulder strength, upper back stability, and triceps power. By mastering the correct technique and incorporating variations into your workout routine, you can maximize the benefits of this compound exercise for overall upper body strength and functional performance.

Also, check the Seated Smith Machine Shoulder Press

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